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North Cyprus Places to Visit- Famagusta
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Famagusta

MAĞUSA (Famagusta): The Turkish name for Famagusta is Gazimagusa or Magusa. The city is located on the far East coast of Cyprus, has experienced extremes of fortune throughout its long and fascinating history. 
Today visitors to Famagusta’s old city will be struck by how ramshackle and ruined it appears and yet it was once the most lavish and rich city in the Eastern Mediterranean.

 

Places to go in Famagusta:

  1. Ancient city of Alasia /Engomi
  2. Famagusta City Walls (Venetian Fortification: Land Gate and Ravelin)
  3. Scarlet Bath (Kızıl Hamam)
  4. Dry Foundation (Kuru Çeşme)
  5. Nestorian Church
  6. Church of St. Anne
  7. Tanner’s Mosque
  8. Carmelite Church
  9. Armenian Church
  10. Martinengo Bastion
  11. Notched Bath (Kertikli Hamam)
  12. Diamante Bastion
  13. Church of St. Fotu
  14. Church of St. George of the Latins
  15. Citadel / Othello’s Tower
  16. Sea Gate
  17. Hospital of St. Anthony
  18. Canbulat Gate and Bastion
  19. Church of St. Zoni
  20. Church of St. Nikolaos
  21. Church of St. George of the Greeks / Church of St. Symeon
  22. St Nicholas Cathedral / Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque
  23. Namık Kemal Square
  24. Venetian House
  25. Twin Churches
  26. Ağa Cafer Pasha Hamam
  27. Franciscan Church and Monastery
  28. Venetian Palace
  29. Namık Kemal Prison and Museum
  30. The Church of St Peter and St Paul
  31. Venetian / Chimney House
  32. Salamis Ruins
  33. Royal tombs
  34. St Barnabas Monastrey and Icon Museum
  35. Ancient city of Alasia /Engomi

İSKELE : It is a small fishing village between Famagusta and Karpaz. Iskele is very famous for its small harbour, Boğaz where you can stop on the way to Karpaz and have try fresh fish and mezes.

  1. Iskele Icon Museum/ Panayia Theodokou Church
  2. Kantara Castle 
KARPAZ (Karpaz Peninsula): has been called the nature reserve of Cyprus, with abundant wildlife and flowers.

Places to go in Karpaz:

  1. Kantara Castle
  2. Iskele Icon Museum/ Panayia Theodokou Church
  3. Panayia Kanakaria Church
  4. Church of Ayia Trias
  5. Church of Ayios Thrsos
  6. Church of Aios Philon
  7. Aphendirka Settlement/  Antique-Urania Settlement
  8. Apostolos Andreas Monastery
  9. Kastros Neolithic Settlement and the edge of the island 
 

In the 3rd century BC the town was founded by the Egyptians and it was indeed a town of some significance, but until the abandonment of the city kingdom of Salamis in AD648 its population was not great.  It wasn’t until around 1291 that the town became particularly prosperous...following an influx of Christian refugees from the Holy Land the town benefited from the demographic lift and grew to become the most wealthy and successful city in the Eastern Mediterranean as previously mentioned.  It also became an important trading centre because it benefited from a harbour with naturally deep waters. 

As a result of the opulence of the city so many churches belonging to the different religions inhabiting the city sprang up across Famagusta and at one stage it was reported there were as many churches as there were days in the year!  Unfortunately the city’s fortunes began to change for the worst in 1372 when it was seized by the Genoese, and they further deteriorated following the Ottoman invasion and capture in 1571. 
The site that visitors behold today of a town in partial ruins with destruction and half finished buildings, broken churches and half standing houses is mainly as a result of the Ottoman siege.  

During the 1960s and 1970s the town was a booming tourist town; it was one of the most desirable destinations in Cyprus and in fact on the Mediterranean.  It held great attraction for local Cypriots as well and it was inhabited by both Greek and Turkish Cypriots.  Following the conflict in 1974 the city’s tourist industry was completely destroyed, the city’s beach that was the main draw for the crowds who visited the town was actually closed and the residents of the town were forced to once again rebuild their lives. 

 
 
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